In 1994 the NAFTA started, 15 years later the balance is resounding: NAFTA and the initiative to extend it to the entire continent in the Free Trade Area of the Americas (FTAA) have confirmed the existence of imperialist policy, despite the disguises adopted in its discourse.
This agreement is pretended to be generalized to all America. Despite the great defeat suffered by North American initiative in a total agreement, the truth is that through bilateral and regional agreements it insists in its project, accompanied with repressive and military agreements.
It is important to signal that the first defeat suffered by NAFTA was greatly owed to popular, social, politic and armed resistance. There is no doubt towards the central role played by the Cuban Revolution that achieved to group, with its calling to the Hemispheric struggle against FTAA Encounters, in a single front workers and peasants movements, social forces and intellectuals and artists articulating continental protests and action plans that rendered a great service, another part was played by the Colombian resistance to the Plan Colombia and to Plan Patriota, fundamentally by the FARC-EP. The growing opposition of the Mexican working class and peasant and indigenous opposition to NAFTA contributed to arouse consciousness to the Latin American peoples about the risk of accepting the FTAA. 
With the euphemism of free commerce  the United States pretend to secure their hegemony in Latin America in opposition to the European Union. CAFTA, Puebla-Panama Plan, SPP, bilateral agreements are, as NAFTA, the same strategy. They are accompanied by repressive military plans as Plan Colombia or Merida Initiative, as with the installation of North American military bases everywhere  and the reactivation of the IV fleet.
Counting in first place with the inertia of the so called de-ideologization imperialism covered itself with makeup and in the name of “liberty”, “democracy”, “free commerce”, “interdependence”, “new world order” tried to suffocate any resistance to its policy of dominating Latin America. It was the conditions of international counterrevolution that imposed the NAFTA, qualified by investigators and academics as a sale/purchase of Mexico , which finds an analogy with the Guadalupe-Hidalgo Treaty’s terrible mutilation of Mexico’s national territory after the unjust 1847-1848 war and that legalized the despoiling of 2,263,866 km2, however NAFTA ruined Mexican land, food sovereignty and the national production plant, introducing the dominion of North American monopolies into land and natural resources, especially in power generation related ones. Gas is already in foreign hands, for example. Monopolies have invaded areas previously reserved exclusively to the State by mandate of the democratic-bourgeois revolution of 1910, this is the case of electricity and oil.
Among the effects are the intensification of despoiling and exploitation. Unemployment in the field and the city, and emigration are permanent.
The grade of subordination of Mexican capitalism in relation to North American is total. It is the main and almost sole buyer of oil, the almost exclusive destination of our exports, and also the source of remittance which is our second biggest economical contribution, which have dropped since November of 2008 a 3%.
Since Felipe Calderon took possession of the presidency of the republic the economical situation of the country has worsened in prejudice mostly of the workers, the self named “president of employment” has not done a single action that effectively impacts on the life standard of workers.
Now we know that the growth for this 2008  will be practically nil, the federal government has dedicated itself to implement various anti-crisis plans, all of them aimed to strengthen familiar economy, acquisitive power and to incite employment, although curiously all of these plans actually transfer great quantities of economical resources to private companies.
The measures taken by the federal government are not channeled to solve worker’s problems, and economic pressures continue to emphasize. The inflation during last year was of 6.53%, double than what was esteemed, and the one esteemed by the government for this year is of .28%, the devaluation of the peso in front of the dollar is more than 38% since January of 2007 to February of 2009, the NGP until July of 008 was of 1.2%.
The manifestations of labor dissatisfaction are expressed in different forms, one of these manifestations are the strike notices. This notices had an increase of 46.33% when they passed from 7,390 in 2006 to 10,814 that took place last year, during the month of January of this year there had already occurred 1,162 notices. The vast majority of these notices are in regard to salary raise, however none of them has achieved to break the imposed salary top, that for this year is according to words of labor secretary Javier Lozano Alarcon not superior to 6%.
All of this comes to show the rise in workers unhappiness towards labor situation. It is true that in average only between 25 and 40 notices actually go on to a strike but in some cases the social and economic impact spans over whole regions or branches of production, such is the case of mining, where the strikes of Taxco, Guerrero; Sombrerete, Zacatecas, Met Mex Peñoles in Coahuila and Cananea have national and international impact.
In the case of land the situation is worse, according to data of the Worker’s University of Mexico, in the last twelve years two million rural jobs have been lost, 85.5% of the rural population continues or has entered poverty, and 55.3% corresponds to food or extreme poverty. Rural migration cover 45% of families with at least one member in the US, and 80% with at least one member outside of his community.
NAFTA aggravating Mexico’s dependence immediately provokes devastating effects. Stabilization of the change type as a result of speculation has cost the country over 20 thousand million dollars to the Mexican Bank’s reservoir; working class suffers the speculative rise of food prices ; the excess of debts caused that 10,250 enterprises declared themselves in bankruptcy; Mexican workers have lost 53,000 million pesos of their retirement savings due to the fact that they were used to invest in international financial instruments, which means the despoil of 10% of their savings. The fall of employment in the US in the construction sector will make that 3 million Mexican immigrants return to the country.
Mexican economy has passed from chronic stagnation to open recession, and shows already the effects of the external crisis in the production plant, financial sector, public finances, and labor market. Industrial activity has fallen 11.1% in January of 2009. Total exportations have lowered 30.5%, oil exports 55.3% and manufactures 25.9%, between January and February. The budgetary incomes of federal government diminished in 9.9% due to the lesser mounts derived from oil activity and to lower tax collection, between January 2008 and January 2009. Automotive production has reduced a 44.4%, passing from 340 thousand 36 units to 19 thousand 0 units in the first bimonth of 2009. In the assembly sector we can observe a fall of 31.5%, passing from 6 thousand 299 million dollars to 4 thousand 313 million dollars from 2007 to 2008.
Despite the fact that workers have suffered during almost three decades the despoiling of their life funds: Wage maximums have continued with the purpose of making the costs for enterprises even more cheaper, despite the speculative rise of food prices, which keeps in permanent lingering wages vis-à-vis with inflation. To the loss of acquisitive power of salaries, we add the loss of employment: in 2009, not only will enough job posts to satisfy the demand of youth that join the labor market not be created, but it is also calculated the already existing job posts will be canceled: if we consider that according to calculations of the Bank of Mexico, the Economically Active Population (EAP), will grow in one million 300 thousand persons, and if we take the calculations of the Treasury and Public Credit Secretary (SHCP in Spanish), that refer that up to 300 thousand jobs will be lost, then we have a job deficit of at least one million 600 thousand persons. However we consider that the lost of job posts and the deficit of job posts will be much higher, if we take in account that the tendency towards the reductions of formal jobs since 2008 to the date: According to data of the Mexican Social Security Institute (IMSS), 538 thousand 68 workers have lost their jobs, which meant an average reduction of 107.6 thousand job posts by month between October 2008 and February 2009. Just in the assembly exports industry (which is one of the most affected by the US recession and the change type), 64 thousand 404 job posts have been lost, between October 2008 and February 2009; regarding the clothing industry, 40 thousand jobs have been lost and 350 business have closed in 2008; mining industry has lost 2 thousand direct jobs and 20 thousand indirect job posts, at the same time 2 thousand 500 find themselves in technical lockout, the sugar sector has lost approximately 10 thousand jobs in 2008, due to favoring of sugar imports by the dispositions of the NAFTA; work precariousness deepens even more in crisis epochs: technical lockouts are a mechanism that businessmen have come using to adequate themselves to the necessities of market, for example, to diminish production when sales fall; that is to say, they don’t have as objective preserving employment. In fact, capitalist, as well as applying lockouts reduce salaries and benefits and end up firing workers: in General Motors, for example, after a series of technical lockouts they fired 600 workers. Besides the permanent wage eroding, technical lockout, wage reduction and unemployment, the poorest workers continue being the captive tax payers: Between January and September of 2008, people who won up to ten minimum wages contributed more to federal budget, than those that won more than one hundred minimum wages. Finally workers end up getting into debt in view of salary damaging, unemployment, burdensome tax payment and general precariousness of their work and life conditions, among whist health and accident related problems are a common place.