In recent months, the possibility of participation in government by some (former) communist parties has been on the agenda. In Germany, Die Linke has participated and is still participating in regional governments. The party has debated a possible participation on a federal level. In Greece and the Netherlands, the left coalition Syriza and the « Socialistische Partij » (SP) have clearly announced their will to go to government. The absolute majority of the French Socialist Party in the recent 2012 parliamentary elections has evacuated the question of a new government participation by the French Communist Party. The PCF, the Italian Rifondazione Communista and the Party of Italian Communists have been participating in governments over the last decades.
In 2008, the electoral successes of some of these parties led The New Statesman, the British left-wing magazine, to the conclusion: “Make no mistake, socialism - pure, unadulterated socialism, an ideology that was taken for dead by liberal capitalists – is making a strong comeback. Across the continent, there is a definite trend in which long-established parties of the centre left are challenged by unequivocally socialist parties. The parties in question advocate renationalisation of privatised state enterprises and a halt to further liberalisation of the public sector. They call for new wealth taxes to be imposed and for a radical redistribution of wealth. They defend the welfare state and the rights of all citizens to a decent pension and free health care. They strongly oppose war – and any further expansion of NATO. Most fundamentally of all, they challenge an economic system in which the interests of ordinary working people are subordinated to those of capital”. 
Unfortunately, these visions of a bright socialist future for Europe through the ballots have been overtaken by the latest electoral results and, more importantly by the political evolution of these parties.