The persistent efforts to demonize and distort the history and values of the Great October, the theory and practice of the socialist state originated practically since the moment of accomplishment of this significant event for the whole of humanity and “feed” a large army of bourgeois “researchers”, up to this day.
The foreign critics begun to show particular activity, during the postwar period. Two circumstances helped in the process: the victory of the Soviet people in the Great Patriotic War and the achievements of the Soviet Union in science, education, space exploration and the social field. The unfolded “Cold War” led to a sharp increase in Anti-Communism and Anti-Sovietism. The history of the Russian revolutions of 1917 was interpreted by the majority of Sovietological research from the point of view of total rejection of their justice and logic. It was argued that under the Tsarist regime in the late XIX – early XX century, Russia progressed rapidly, and the process would continue successfully, should there be no “spontaneous” February revolution caused by failures made in the First World War and inept policy implemented by the autocratic power. The interim government, which replaced the Tsarism, failed to consolidate the new political regime, and it was used by a small “extremist group” of the Bolsheviks who as a result of a violent coup and a favorable set of circumstances overthrew the “democratic” Interim government and established their dictatorship. In this case, researchers almost completely ignored any social economic factors and existing mass movements of the time.
By promoting this “concept” Sovietologist sought to compromise the October, the Bolshevik party, claiming the October revolution to be in many senses “accidental”, thus trying to diminish its role and significance in the destiny of Russia and the entire world. Despite the obvious vulnerability of the argument this “concept” of lack of objective reasons for the revolution and the violent seizure of power by the Bolsheviks in an atmosphere of “passivity of the masses” is being used in the circles of the bourgeois historians, up to this day.
The absolute failure of this “concept”, its blatant political bias become only more apparent as time passes. A natural question arises: if the Bolsheviks came to power as a result of an unpredictable game of the political forces, in 1917, in what way they were able to retain this power for decades and, moreover, under their leadership the country made such great achievements in all fields of human activity? Why then other nations went the October way? These and other similar questions seriously undermined the thesis of “accidental” success of the October and forced “researchers” to continue searching for other, more sophisticated “concepts”.
Leaders of various levels of the CPSU rendered great service for bourgeois Sovietologists by their illiterate, theoretically erroneous and arbitrary decisions creating a fertile ground for criticism. There is no reason to say that they all were some conscious “agents of imperialism”, in the basis of opportunism frequently being a quite sincere desire for “improvement of socialism”, “more flexible response to the needs of our time” etc.. The unfortunate consequences occur not only due to selfish interests of these persons but also due to the absence of theoretical literacy and, of course, in the absence of room for criticism of their actions and possibilities of fighting them.
In this context, the situation that took place in the Communist Party of Latvia, in the 50s of the last century, is typical. Taking advantage of a period of organizational turmoil, which begun, in the leadership of the CPSU, after J. Stalin’s death, and relying on the practice of “training of local national staff” started by L. Beria, First Deputy Chairman of the Council of Ministers of the USSR, in the republics of the Union, leaders of the Latvian SSR and the Communist Party of Latvia began to implement policies contrary to the normal operation of the unified planned national economy complex and to the principles of internationalism.
30 years later, already during the years of “perestroika”, Vilis Krūmiņš enthusiastically wrote about this period: “The Republic got an opportunity to form its economy on a truly rational basis and to manage it independently. Favorable conditions emerged for the development of national relations in the spirit of true internationalism”. 
In the opinion of the person working as Second Secretary of the LCP CC “the spirit of true internationalism” consisted apparently in establishing linguistic and ethnic criteria not only for propaganda and personnel work but also for employment and choice of residence (!). For example, E. Berklavs, Deputy Chairman of the Council of Ministers of the LSSR, at the Plenum of the Central Committee of the LCP, July 7-8, 1959, expressed concern about the coming of non-Latvians to the Capital of the Republic: “Only in 1958, we registered 28 000 persons in Riga, of whom only 10 500 were Latvians, the rest were 17 500. During the five months of current year we registered 8500 persons in Riga, less than 3000 of them were Latvians”. 
It should be noted that under the Soviet planned economy and, in general, planned distribution of labor resources, spontaneous population migration due to personal reasons also took place. Nevertheless, the majority of visitors were workers who arrived in Riga to work at city enterprises. It is also necessary to note that the Republic was not able to provide for these enterprises, which were restored after the war and built anew, with its own skilled workforce – in pre-war bourgeois Latvia, during twenty years, only several thousand persons were able to get a higher education, besides those came as a rule from representatives of the bourgeoisie. Therefore, some of them emigrated from the Republic, in the end of the war, together with the retreating Nazis. A significant share of highly qualified specialists of the bourgeois Latvia who had still received their education in the Tsarist Russia (engineers, doctors, teachers) were ethnic Germans and Jews. The Germans were repatriated into Germany even before the war, the Jews ere almost completely destroyed by the Nazis and their local henchmen, during the occupation of Latvia. The war itself also exacerbated the shortage of personnel due to losses at the fronts. Therefore, the specialists necessary for a normal life and economic development were redistributed in an organized manner from other parts of the Union. In addition, Latvia has historically never been a mono-ethnic territory, being even more multinational the port and transit city of Riga.
During the time that passed after the war, the process of education and training of local professionals was put in place, in the Republic, and as they gained experience it became possible to implement replacement of those who did not meet the required level, in a methodic way based on economic feasibility, business skills and qualifications. Instead, the problem of changes of ethnic composition in the Republic and insufficient number of Latvians in leadership positions was made a priority. The Latvian “Internationalist Communists” in fact demanded ethnic privileges in order to get better positions!
A testimony of the artificiality of the problem of “national proportions” is the report of E. Mukins, Secretary of the LCP Daugavpils City Committee, at the Plenum of the LCP CC of June 1953. Supporting the already begun campaign for a “national personnel policy” he conveyed that “a particularly intolerable situation had been created in many regions of Latgale, which are wrongly regarded as Russian. No local people were in positions of responsibility or at all, in many districts there, the local employees were leaving for Riga”. 
They were the same persons whose coming to Riga worried the “internationalist” Berklavs… By the way, the city of Daugavpils historically is the most non-Latvian city of Latvia, in different years, the number of Latvians among its inhabitants being from three to fifteen percent. The border “Latgale areas” also had a significant – up to half – percentage of non-Latvian, mainly Russian and Belarusian population. Аnd if we consider Latgalians an ethnic minority, these areas then were absolutely non-Latvian. So what kind of “local people” worried this Party employee?
Of course, the hidden nationalistic motives were covered by correct thesis about the needs of conducting propaganda and agitation work in the native language of those to whom it is addressed. But this has nothing to do with the “Communist” Berklavs' desire to make the Capital of Latvia kind of an “ethnic reservation” offering Latvians special rights to occupy leadership positions.
When the interests of a separate nation are beginning to prevail over the class consciousness, when supranational social class interests of the workers are being sacrificed to ethnic stereotypes of compatriot consciousness, the end is quite predictable. Under appropriate foreign and domestic political circumstances it will be outright treason, rabid anti-Communism and aggressive nationalism.
The life of the above-mentioned E. Berklavs perfectly illustrates the true motives of manipulating with the Marxist thesis. When, in the years 80-90, opportunist and nationalist trends openly emerged in the Communist Party of Latvia, and the Soviet power began to collapse, he joined an ultraradical Nationalist Party, which advocated for a forced deportation of the people who came to Latvia in the post-war period, closing of Russian schools and linguistic discrimination. History shows that this is an end typical for many of those who embarked on the slippery slope of opportunism and revisionism.
This position is in stark contrast to the Latvian Communists’ attitude towards the problem, when the Party was practically underground and operated as a part of the Worker-Peasant faction of the bourgeois Parliament. F. Bergs, MP, at the Session of June 28, 1933, criticizing the government’s position on education, said: “also minorities have the right to teach their children in their native language. This is required by the most elementary principle of democracy, and it is the only way enabling the popular masses to learn the culture and education. Getting education in the native language is easier and more convenient”. 
Latvian Communists of that time actively defended the rights of Latgalians (ethnic minority representing a small ethnic group of the Baltic peoples closely related in language to Latvians), up to an unlimited right to self-determination.
This was just the genuine Leninist internationalism that does not mean a renunciation of ethnicity neither of one’s own ethnic motherland. V. Lenin quite lucidly explained it in his letter to I.Аrmаnd: “The worker has no fatherland – it means that а) his economic situation is not national but international; b) his class enemy is international; c) also his liberation conditions; d) the international unity of workers is more important than national”. 
V, Lenin’s explanations of labor migration issues having an absolutely understandable relation with the “proletariat’s fatherland” are very topical for modern Latvia. Like a hundred years before, economic crises, unemployment and as a consequence searching for work and means of subsistence overseas are the constant companions of Capitalism. Therefore, wrote V. Lenin in his article “Capitalism and Workers’ Immigration”: “No doubt, it is only the extreme poverty that forces people to leave their homeland…”. 
Hundreds of thousands of Latvian workers employed now in the economically developed countries of the European Union fully feel the truth of the above.
The above-mentioned manifestations of nationalism among the Communists of the Baltic Republics can not be considered accidental, spontaneous neither a just internal process of the Communist Party. Back in the 60s of the last century, V. Vardys, representative of Lithuanian emigration (it was he who suggested to use at maximum the manifestations of “National Communism” for the benefit of the reactionary emigration, aiming at the bourgeois revenge and the exit of the Baltic Republics out of the USSR), wrote: “… this nationalism not only continues to exist but it also finds supporters”. 
His was echoed by Bruno Kalniņš, famous personality of the Social Democracy who believed that that young people, particularly university and high school students had nationalist sentiments. He encouraged the use of all means available to emigration for warming up and spreading of these sentiments.
Tellingly, these views and studies of the bourgeois ideologists were no secret for ideological employees of the LCP. For example, the referred book “Baltic Reactionary Emigration Today”, which analyzed in detail the views, theories and modes of operation of foreign anti-Soviet centers and copiously quoted émigré press, was published under the editorship of the Institute of History of the Academy of Sciences of the Latvian SSR and similar scientific institutions of Lithuania and Estonia, and was intended particularly for use by Party activists. Meanwhile, the conclusions of its award-winning authors sin superficiality and embellishing the true picture. They estimated the thesis and conclusions of the theoreticians and activists of the foreign emigration as delusions based on a lack of information about the real life in the USSR or as a deliberate falsification and distortion of facts. Meanwhile, the events in Latvia (and in the Baltic Republics in general), showed that the foreign emigration assessed the situation quite adequately to the reality. Exactly the National Communism slogans prevailed quickly and were quite effectively used by the opportunist part of the Communist Party, the youth becoming the most active force of nationalist parties and movements.
In the 50s, the Party had enough strength and ideological resistance to overcome the attempts of a group of national opportunists to push the Communists out of their Marxist positions. In the 80s, during the so called “perestroika”, opportunism and voluntarism in fact became the basis for the CPSU CC leadership, which ultimately led to the destruction of the first state of the victorious proletariat of the world.