As often happened in history, in crises, with the threat of a revolutionary situation, the capital does not shun the most despicable methods of preserving their power: the uses against the people of overt violence, unleashing military conflicts and world wars. However, with the advent of the second half of the twentieth century weapons of mass destruction, the war has become very unsafe for international capital - in the case of turning the conflict into a nuclear, on the ground was no place where its representatives were able to secure a safe existence. In addition, with the advent of socialism and the struggle of workers in capitalist countries for their rights, the bourgeoisie was forced to make known the humanization of social and economic relations. With the collapse of the socialist system in need of such a humane disappeared, but just to deprive workers of their achievements can not - it would cause a social explosion. Therefore, in the last decade is the gradual dismantling them under the guise of "measures to overcome the crisis", "stabilizing the financial system" or "improving credit rating."
However, such actions cause protests by workers, often grow into mass demonstrations organized by leftist parties and trade unions. To counteract this disturbance without the use of open violence, the bourgeois governments should direct masses on some other sites and areas. It seems that, as such, will again be used on a large scale inter-ethnic relations and nationalism and racism as an ideological base.
Very characteristic in this respect not only the facts of the growing influence of the extreme right and neo-Nazi parties in several European countries, but also, for example, public recognition of the "collapse of the policy of multiculturalism," the leadership of a country like Germany. This is, in fact, hidden so far, but a definite abandonment of the principles declared in the sphere of interethnic relations in the second half of the twentieth century.
In this case the still of the EU policy of multiculturalism, political correctness, in fact, ethnicity is inefficient and sometimes openly travesty. In fact, this very policy also provokes the creation of situations in different countries, aimed at a possible domestic standoff.
Reasons for the ideology of nationalism is increasingly widely used bourgeoisie in the struggle to preserve their power, are seen as follows:
1. Ease of use. As the events in the former socialist countries, including Latvia, it does not require any serious arguments, no long preparation. It all comes down to a simple notion of "we do not like them, so they are strangers. But others - it's enemies. " And yesterday's colleagues, fellow party members, neighbors, become the irreconcilable enemies, ready if not an ethnic pogrom, then the loss of "foreign" civil rights.
2. Versatility. There is no country where it was impossible to "roll out" the situation with such an ideology. Many countries are multinational or have been established in recent history. Or become established in the migration of labor from abroad, or some historical events. Even more or less mono-countries have their own people abroad and the situation they can be influenced by the slogan of "protection of compatriots abroad."
3. Cumulative effect. If inadequate or ethnic factors may easily revive the historical territorial claims, facts or myths about occupation, migration of peoples, migration, etc.
An example is indicative of Latvia by the fact that nationalism is used as an infallible weapon, not only during the destruction of the Soviet Union, but all following time until the present day. At the same time the Latvian authorities used such forms and methods of ethnic politics, which would be completely unthinkable in western Europe or the USA. Government and politics of the EU countries, including representatives of the Social Democrats and other political forces, calling themselves the "Left", mercilessly critical of other states to ban gay parades or non-human animals, calmly looked at depriving hundreds of thousands of civil rights, outright protectionalism ethnic or heroes of the Nazis during the Second world War.
This is underlined by interference shows that Latvia and other countries of the former socialist bloc, the international capital actually used as a kind of "ground" for future mining methods for the transfer of the revolutionary energy of the masses from the sphere of social and class struggle in the sphere of internal and external ethnic conflicts. This is a very disturbing trend, and do not pay attention to it would be inexcusable complacency. Nationalism is almost always and everywhere closely adjacent to the anti-communism and have a tendency to turn into a neo-Nazi and neo-fascist forms, as well as racism
However, the situation in Latvia shows that actually confront nationalism by liberal cosmopolitan ideas or purely human rights activities, as well as "counter-nationalism" is impossible. The political forces that tried to do it, or lost, or abandoned their ideas in favor of any openly bourgeois ideology.
Really confront as nationalism and cosmopolitanism, the various negative consequences of capitalist globalization can only politics and ideology of conscious internationalism of the working class, aimed at fundamental revolutionary transformation of society.
(1) Program SPL, p. 4
(2) Flyers of the Social-Democratic organizations in Latvia during the first Russian revolution. Riga., 1956, p.26.
(3) Joseph Stalin "The Social Democracy of the National Question," Collected Works, vol.1., p. 55
(4) V.I. Lenin vol.10, p. 132 (translated from latv.)
(5) History of the Latvian Riflemen, 1972, Riga, p. 136.
(6) V.O. Miller, "The first sovereign state of the Latvian people", 1988, Riga, p. 40-41
(7) The Communist Party of Latvia in the 1917 October Revolution, Riga., p. 466-467.
(8) History of the Latvian SSR, v.2., p. 32 (translated from latv.)
(9) Ibid, p. 42.
(10) History of Latvia, the twentieth century, 2005., Riga, p. 106. (translated from latv.)
(11) The Communist Party of Latvia in 1918 and 1919. Documents and materials. 1958.g., Riga., P. 160-161 (translated from latv.)
(12) History of Latvia, the twentieth century, 2005., Riga, p. 247. (translated from latv.)
(13) Ibid, p. 225.
(14) The struggle of the Latvian people of World War II, 1966.g., Riga., P.108 (translation from Latin.)
(15) Latvian Soviet Encyclopedia, 1984.g., Riga., P. 117. (translated from latv.)
(16) History of Latvia, the twentieth century, 2005., Riga, p. 364. (translated from latv.)
(17) Encyclopedia of Latvia, 2007.g., 4th volume, p. 28. (translated from latv.)
(18) Our History, 1985-2005, Riga, 2007.g.., Str.126.
(19) Ibid, p.128